UNIDO-CDP

The aim of the UNIDO Cluster Development Programme (CDP) in India is to contribute to the overall performance and collective efficiency of the small and medium enterprise clusters for sustainable development by assisting selected local communities of firms and associated institutions in the clusters. This entails the implementation of cluster support initiative in selected pilot clusters as well as assistance to central and local institutions in their programmes of cluster modernization and restructuring. 

UNIDO strives to act as a catalyst bringing about the necessary qualitative changes at the cluster level. At the policy level, the primary purpose of UNIDO’s intervention is to customize its methodology to the Indian settings so that it can be shared with the partner institutions for replication.

SGFI had been sub-contracted a three year project on Corporate Social Responsibility by United Nations Industrial Development Organisation - Cluster Development Project (UNIDO-CDP). This project is called Social and Environmental Responsibility of Businesses (SERB). See diagnostic study of Jalandhar Sports Industry - Below.

Getting to Know Clusters

Cluster development is a relatively new art and science, born only around 1990’s. Yet in this relatively short time, the subject has gained immense popularity among the policy makers as a very important tool for micro, small and medium enterprise development. The most significant reason for its ascendance across the globe is the principle of integrated local development in a cluster where the cluster is seen as a living organic system rather than a mere agglomeration of various enterprises. The web of inter-relationships among enterprises, institutions and service providers in clusters is now considered an important a resource as much or even more potent than finance, technology, knowledge and skills.

Historically the small enterprise policy in several economically developing countries including in India has viewed economic enterprises as isolated entities. Therefore the policy support systems have targeted direct subsidies to individual enterprises, provision of skills & other inputs and protecting them from the large enterprises. The research on clusters and regions, particularly in Italy during the mid-eighties however clearly reflected the advantages of focusing clusters with positive inter-relationships among their stakeholders. Yet developing clusters is not only a means to improve the competitiveness but also for alleviation of poverty, generation of sustainable employment, fostering innovation, infusing technology, enabling better credit flow and sustenance of environment issues more effectively and sustainably.

A cluster of MSMEs is a concentration of economic enterprises, producing a typical product/service or a complementary range of products/services within a geographical area. The location of such enterprises can span over a few villages, a town or a city and its surrounding areas. Thus a cluster of MSMEs, hereafter referred to as “cluster”, is identified by the ‘product/service’ the micro and small enterprises produce and the ‘place’ where the enterprises are located.

Publications.

Working Together Works – Cluster Case Studies

This book is a compilation of 19 case studies of cluster initiatives. It provides an insight into diverse cluster development approaches that can be undertaken with as much variety of objectives and outcomes. The idea is to capture the diversity of clusters, approaches, implementation agencies and objectives to help the reader draw one’s own lessons and conclusions. The case studies include a wide range of products among micro enterprises such as handlooms items, brass & bell metal, traditional footwear, crochet & lace work, coir products, hand tools etc.

Published by: FMC (Foundation of MSME Clusters).
Year of publication: 2006
Number of pages: 120

Download: Below.


Making Clusters Work – UNIDO Methodology. 

This document outlines the methodology of implementation of cluster development programme for improving the competitiveness of MSMEs. The document owes its origin and development to experiences gained in programme implementation in India and abroad, training programmes conducted nationally and internationally and literature review available on clusters.

Published by: FMC (Foundation of MSME Clusters).
Year of publication: 2006
Number of pages: 84

Download: Below.


Policy and Status Paper on Cluster Development in India. 

This report takes stock of the developments that have taken place in the arena of cluster development and suggest inputs to a policy framework for promotion of cluster based MSME development in India. The document draws heavily from a wealth of secondary literature and benefited immensely from the documents shared by several practitioners as well as insights obtained from a number of unpublished sources. Report was funded by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.

Published by: FMC (Foundation of MSME Clusters).
Year of publication: 2007
Number of pages: 84

Download: Below.


Getting to Know Clusters: Frequently Asked Questions. 

This document contains 69 simple questions in 18 short sections allowing the reader to sift through the type of questions of his/her interest as per the sections in the table of contents. The basic definition of cluster, its typology and spread has been captured. Issues of whether clusters should be newly created and aspects of how cluster policy is different from conventional enterprise development are also dealt with. Some of the terms like social capital, cluster mapping, cluster diagnosis, trust building, cluster action plan, networks and service providers which are commonly used in cluster development have been defined in the document.

Published by: FMC (Foundation of MSME Clusters).
Year of publication: 2007
Number of pages: 40

Download: Below.


Clusters Development and Poverty Alleviation. 

This book focuses on cluster development as a possible strategy to reduce poverty in India, where clusters already exist and poverty is widespread. “Policy interventions” to promote poverty reduction through cluster development has been clearly defined. Attempt has also been made to estimate the resource requirement to promote such clusters in India.

Published by: FMC (Foundation of MSME Clusters).
Year of publication: 2008
Number of pages: 31

Download: Below.

up